Asian Journal of Pregnancy and Childbirth 2022-08-05T09:07:33+00:00 Asian Journal of Pregnancy and Childbirth Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Pregnancy and Childbirth</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish&nbsp;high-quality&nbsp;papers (<a href="/index.php/AJPCB/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all aspects of&nbsp;‘Pregnancy and Childbirth’. The journal welcomes papers on breastfeeding, labor, maternal health, maternity care, the biomedical aspects of pregnancy, trends&nbsp;and sociological aspects of pregnancy and childbirth. By not excluding papers based on novelty, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open-access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Prevalence and Associated Factors of Intestinal Parasites among Pregnant Women at Odoakpu, Anambra State, Nigeria 2022-05-07T07:26:53+00:00 C. A. Imakwu J. C. Ozougwu I. Nwachukwu O. P. Okeke C. U. Uzochukwu <p><strong>Aim: </strong>This present study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites among pregnant women at Odoakpu, Onitsha North Local Government Area of Anambra state, Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> A total of 200 pregnant women were examined between October and December, 2021. Pregnant women between the age groups of 20 -35 years were observed in this study with their consent being obtained. Stool samples were examined for intestinal parasites using routine parasitological methods. Data obtained was analyzed using SPSS version 20 statistical software package. The resulting outputs were presented in tables and level of significance set at P &lt; 0.05.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> Out of 200 pregnant women examined, a total of 57 were positive and found to be infected with various intestinal parasites giving an overall prevalence of 28.5%. The intestinal parasites identified are <em>Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichuria, Strongyloides stercoralis, Enterobius vernicularis, </em>Hookworm (<em>Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale</em>), <em>Giardia lambia and Entamoeba histolytica. </em>The prevalence with respect to age groups considered showed that the highest prevalence was seen among aged group 30 -35 years (42.31%) and the least prevalence was among the age group 25 - 30 years with 20%. The prevalence of intestinal parasites with respect to the type of toilet facility used, showed that those that used open defecation had the highest prevalence (67.65%) and the least prevalence (18.18%) was observed among pregnant women using water closet. Similarly the prevalence of intestinal parasite with respect to source of drinking water, indicated that the highest prevalence was seen among pregnant women using river water (57.14%) and the least was observed among those using public water supply (22.5%). Furthermore, the prevalence of intestinal parasites with respect to trimester indicated that the highest prevalence was seen in second trimester (39.02%) and the least prevalence seen among third trimester (21.43%). Finally, the prevalence of intestinal parasites with respect to gravidity indicated that the highest prevalence was seen in primigravida (38.71%) and the least in secungravida (18.57%).&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Intestinal parasites are quite prevalent among pregnant women at Odoakpu therefore policies targeted at improving parasitic infection consciousness among pregnant women during antenatal care are essential. This should include health education and proper hygienic practices to reduce the prevalence of intestinal parasites among pregnant women.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2022-05-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Psychological Distress in First-time Expectant Fathers: A Qualitative Study 2022-06-30T12:43:37+00:00 Pooja Gahlot Ashwini Shetty <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Transition to parenthood is a pleasant life event in overall, it can also be a source of despair and worry. When a man becomes a father, his risk of mental health problems rises, just as it does for mothers, but there is little literature on the field of study. Expectant fathers face personal, interpersonal, and social changes as they prepare to become parent, all of which have a significant impact on the infant-parent interaction, and the infant’s maturation.</p> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> The present study was conducted to see the psychological distress in first time expectant fathers during the prenatal period.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The study adopted a qualitative exploratory research design using semi structured interviews. The sample size selected for the current study was 14 men using purposive sampling method. The data was analysed using thematic analysis for the participants.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> 3 themes and 6 subthemes were emerged for expectant fathers. Anxiety, stress, irritability and lack of awareness were identified as common psychological discomfort in the participants, according to the findings of the study.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Fathers who were expecting their first child went through a mix of emotions, which made them susceptible to psychological issues.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Estimation of Anthropometric, Demographic, Diet and Past Medical History of Normotensive and Hypertensive Women during Pregnancy in Nigeria 2022-07-16T07:34:08+00:00 Funmilola Comfort Oladele Mabel Ayebatonyo Charles-davies Oladosu Akanbi Ojengbede Emmanuel Olubolaji Agbedadna <p><strong>Aim: </strong>This study sought to estimate the anthropometric, demographic, diet and past medical history of normotensive and hypertensive women during pregnancy in Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>The study was a prospective cohort study. The participants were pregnant women attending the clinics for antenatal care in four different tertiary health facilities in Nigeria.&nbsp; Participants involved women at first visit (booking day) without hypertension in their first or second trimester of pregnancy and were followed up to delivery. Socio-demographic characteristics of the study population- age, place of residence, marital status, educational background, occupation, ethnic group, diet history, social history, family history, past medical history/medication and gynaecological/obstetrical history were obtained from each participant through a semi pretest questionnaire. Physical indices were determined and recorded.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results showed that body weight, body mass index, waist circumference and hip circumference were increasing from first to third trimesters of pregnancy. Most of the hypertensive women were between the ages of 29 and 46 years while the normotensive women were aged between 17 and 34 years with the normotensive getting married at a slightly younger age. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased in second trimester and peaked in third trimester. It was observed that women who were married at late age range 35-42 years were 23 times likely to develop hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) when compared with those who married at lower age range of 13-25 years.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Increased age is associated with greater risk of development of HDP. It was also observed that being married is associated with lower risk of development of HDP and therefore longer survival than being single. Observations from this study revealed that previous history of hypertension contributed to HDP. Pregnant women who are not married were more predisposed to HDP than their married counterpart.</p> 2022-07-16T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Psychosocial Experiences among Postnatal Women after Caesarian Section in the Tamale Metropolis, Ghana 2022-08-05T08:52:48+00:00 Millicent Kala Victoria Bubunyo Bam Francis Anaba Agana <p><strong>Background:</strong> Worldwide about 20 million women give birth through surgical intervention and as such it is placed first among operative cases in most hospitals. Little is known about how this method of delivery affects the psychosocial health of the mothers. Yet, the rate keeps on increasing. This study sought to explore the psychosocial experiences of women who have undergone caesarian section (CS) in the Tamale Metropolis.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This is an exploratory and descriptive study with a qualitative approach. Data was collected through in-depth interviews of twelve (12) purposively selected women, 18 years and above who underwent CS within six (6) months to one (1) year prior to data collection period. Interviews were audiotaped,&nbsp;&nbsp; transcribed verbatim and analysed using thematic analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The study revealed the participants exhibited different emotive reactions such as depression, anxiety and positive emotions towards caesarean section. The women’s description of depression&nbsp;&nbsp; centred on sadness, crying and unhappiness. For anxiety, it centred on worry, being scared, afraid, and apprehension. The news on CS was welcomed by few participants because they felt they stood to gain from the procedure. This attitude of few participants was grounded on their earlier refusal to undergo the procedure which resulted in a negative outcome to them. Following the CS, the participants had some unpleasant experiences with marital and social contexts. For some of these women, their in-laws advocated for a second wife for their sons to give birth to additional children, others were verbally abused and seen as less of a woman. Others were poorly received at home after their second CS.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Psychosocial experiences shared by the participants had cultural and social dimensions; hence there is the need for public health units and workers to intensify public education on CS to enhance the needed support for women who undergo caesarian section.&nbsp;</p> 2022-08-05T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Women’s Satisfaction and Its’ Associated Factors on Institutional Delivery Services Provided by Public Health Facilities of Tanahun District, Nepal 2022-08-05T09:07:33+00:00 Amritraj Pokhrel Dipendra Kumar Yadav Dijson Dhakal <p><strong>Background:</strong> Institutional Delivery is one of the important strategy to reduce the maternal related risk during delivery. Satisfaction of women on labor and delivery care services has good influence on her health and results in subsequent utilization of health services. This study was focused to assess women’s satisfaction and its’ associated factors with institution delivery services in public health institutions.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Cross- sectional study was conducted among 169 participants from June 2018 to November 2018 among women (having under one year children) residing in Tanahun district. Simple random sampling, face to face interview and semi structured interview schedule was used for the collection of data. Data were entered in Epi-Data and analyzed by SPSS. Ethical approval was obtained from Institutional Review Committee at Pokhara University and maintained during the process of research.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The age of the participants were between 16 to 40 years with median age 25 years (IQR= 7 Years). Most (93.5%) of the participants were Hindu. Majority of the participants (57.4%) and their husbands (60.4%) had secondary level education. Almost all pregnancies (99.4%) are planned and normal delivery was most common (77.5%). The study shows that 55% of the women performed delivery in public health facilities. The study states high satisfaction score in health status of women after delivery (4.8) and lowest in availability of visitor's bed (2.99). Women's satisfaction and religion was seen to be significantly associated.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Majority of the participants were satisfied with the services provided by public health facilities. Although, number of birthing centers were increasing, facilities in the health institution is not sufficient as required. Different factors such as cleanliness of delivery room, availability of staffs, medicine, visitor's bed and behavior of staff are some issues to be improved.</p> 2022-08-05T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##