Factors Effect Breastfeeding in Sabrata City - Libya
Asian Journal of Pregnancy and Childbirth,
Objectives: To estimate prevalence of breastfeeding, mothers’ awareness about breastfeeding, and factors influencing feeding decisions.
Methodology: Study Design and Setting: Hospital-based, cross sectional study in Sabrata Teaching Hospital (STH); from 1st-December 2017 to 31st -May 2018.
Study Population: Mothers in postnatal ward, who delivered their babies in the study period.
Data Collection: Simple interviewing questionnaire.
Results and Conclusion: The study enrolled 480 mothers, among them 234 (48.8%) initiated breastfeeding in the first day. There is a strong association between educational level (P-value 0.02), delivery mode (P-value 0.001), and separation of babies (P-value 0.002) with breast feeding initiation in first day. Feeding plans: 30 (6.2%) bottle feeding only, 80 (16.7%) exclusive breastfeeding, 370 (77.1%) both. Mothers' exclusive breastfeeding support was by: The relatives 446 (92.9%), Obstetrician 248 (51.7%), and Social media 185 (32.9%). While Pediatrician advice for exclusive breastfeeding in 214 (44.6%), and gave no advice on feeding in 260 (54.2%).
We conclude that both the early initiation and exclusive breastfeeding rates are still low, and that we have to improve our job as a Pediatrician to become a hospital that embrace the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI). To reach our overall aim which is to encourage exclusive breastfeeding among mothers.
- Infants nutrition
- exclusive breastfeeding
- early breastfeeding initiation
- mothers breastfeeding knowledge
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