Maternal Characteristics and Outcomes of Obstetric Complications at a Tertiary Heath Facility in Northern Ghana
Asian Journal of Pregnancy and Childbirth,
Introduction: Ghana has recorded improved access to skilled care during pregnancy (4+ visits) 89% and labour 78%, yet maternal mortality is 310 per 100 000 live births. This research was conducted to identify the socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics of women with obstetric complications in a tertiary health facility in northern Ghana to gain sight to reduce maternal deaths.
Materials and Methods: This study was a cross-sectional quantitative retrospective study. We collected data from 384 women using a structured questionnaire and analysed it using SPSS version 20.0. Inferences were made using cross-tabulations with corresponding significance set at P= .05.
Results: This study revealed that, the typical woman with obstetric complication is 20-35 years old, mean age 27.7 and standard deviation of 6.2; married to a salaried worker; Dagomba by tribe; no formal education; petty trader; earn below the minimum wage of Ghana ($ 2.07); Moslem; resides in an urban setting; pregnant and delivering for the first time; gestational age of 37-42 weeks at labour and birth spacing of 2-3 years. Cross-tabulations revealed associations between three socio-demographic and four obstetric characteristic all with large effects sizes as follows; X2 (3, N = 69) = 13.50, P = .004; X2 (65, N = 67) =1.11, P = .000; X2 (2, N = 69) = 9.17, P = .010; X2 (12, N = 68) = 26.1, P = .010; X2 (3, N = 384) = 17.15, P= .001; X2 (4, N = 69) = 19.8, P = .001; X2 (65, N = 65) = 1.12, P = .000; X2 (1, N = ) = 72.9, P = .000 respectively.
Conclusion: Obstetric complications are universal; improving poor outcomes in the study setting will take identifying and filling gaps in the skill needs of maternal health care workers and addressing health facility challenges.
- Obstetric complications
- socio-demographic characteristics, obstetric characteristics
- maternal outcomes
- maternal morbidities and maternal mortalities
How to Cite
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