Study of Relationships of Various Factors Leading to Premature Birth at the University Teaching Hospital of Bogodogo (UTH-B) in Ouagadougou from January to June 2021

Ouattara Adama *

Department of Gynecology-Obstetrics, Joseph KI ZERBO University, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

Bako/Lankoande Natacha

University Teaching Hospital of Bogodogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

Sawadogo Yobi Alexi

Department of Gynecology-Obstetrics, Joseph KI ZERBO University, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

Kiemtoré Sibraogo

Department of Gynecology-Obstetrics, Joseph KI ZERBO University, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

Ouédraogo Issa

Regional University Hospital Hospital, Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso.

Ouédraogo Charlemagne

Department of Gynecology-Obstetrics, Joseph KI ZERBO University, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Objective: To study the risk factors associated with premature birth at the Bogodogo University Teaching Hospital in Ouagadougou.
Materials and Methods: This was a prospective analytical case-control study involving 115 cases of premature delivery and 230 controls, i.e. two controls per case, recruited over a 6-month period from January to June 2021. The study was conducted at the maternity ward of the Bogodogo University Teaching Hospital in Ouagadougou. The notion of stillbirth was a criterion for non-inclusion in the group of cases whose inclusion gestational age varied from 28 to 37 weeks of amenorrhea.
Results: During the study period, the preterm birth rate was 6.1%.  Univariate analysis identified the following factors associated with preterm birth: maternal age OR=0.4 [0.2-0.8], history of abortion OR=3.3 [1.43-7.6], stress OR=4.03 [2.14-3.39], insufficient Antenatal Care (ANC) OR=4.92 [3.03-8], fever during pregnancy OR=1, 59 [1.01-2.5], rupture of membranes OR=3.72 [1.11-4.34], episode of urinary tract infection OR=2.55 [1.55-4.19] and previous threat of preterm birth OR=3.3 [1.43-7.6].
Conclusion: Premature delivery is very common at the UTH-Bogodogo in Ouagadougou. There are many factors associated with this scourge, including the patient's socio-demographic characteristics and clinical features. The fight against this situation, which is a source of neonatal morbidity, must be reinforced during the refocused antenatal consultation.

Keywords: Premature birth, risk factors, uth-bogodogo, ouagadougou


How to Cite

Adama, O., Natacha, B., Alexi, S. Y., Sibraogo, K., Issa, O., & Charlemagne, O. (2024). Study of Relationships of Various Factors Leading to Premature Birth at the University Teaching Hospital of Bogodogo (UTH-B) in Ouagadougou from January to June 2021. Asian Journal of Pregnancy and Childbirth, 7(1), 53–58. Retrieved from https://journalajpcb.com/index.php/AJPCB/article/view/131

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